China’s Green Energy Development – When it comes clean energy, China Is not exactly the first country that comes to mind.
China has often been seen with its citizens walking around the cities with facemasks on and the fumes from factories in the background.
Nevertheless, the country is trying hard to change its ways: more specifically, a new project which entails a renewable energy development plan for China is in the works.
The plan will focus primarily on reverting China’s polluting ways and moving onto the production of clean energy.
Renewable resources: China Green Energy Development
What is considered to be one of the polluting countries in the world, has instead shown tremendous progress.
Back in December 2017, when Zhang Gaoli the Chinese vice premier met with Fatih Birol the International Energy Agency Executive Director, the discussion was centered around China’s energy transition plan.
In fact China has pledged to invest $367 billion by 2020 in order to meet their 2030 final objective of producing 20% of energy from renewable energy sources.
The main objective of the project is to abandon the use of coal and gradually shift to clean energy as well as implement strict rules in order to keep air quality in the parameters considered safe.
The talk, numbers, and ambition are big – which considering the size of the country, couldn’t have been any other way.
With the count of 1.1 million people still dying from pollution-related causes each year, China has stepped up their game and is sticking to it.
As on of the most important producers of solar energy technology, China has been building up its solar sector very well.
Already doubling its production numbers in 2016 of total solar energy produced, the McKinsey Global Institute has calculated that China is the biggest producer of solar energy around.
Furthermore, reported by the International Renewable Energy Agency, the number of employees China has in its solar energy field are 2.5 million; out of the 3.5 million in total employed in the clean energy sector.
And with its impressive numbers both in terms of production and employees, China has also shown progress with the building of the Anhui floating solar energy plant.
The plant is the largest in the world of its kind and consists in 100 square miles of solar panels floating on the lake and producing energy for 15,000 homes.
China Solar Power and Alternate Energy
What’s more is that not only is the solar energy sector so powerful, but China is also investing in other forms of renewable energy as well.
For example, in 2015 China installed an amount of wind capacity that surpassed that of Germany, the United States, and India combined. And investments are not only domestic: China’s presence in wind energy is also rising globally.
Major Chinese companies are expanding and acquiring power plants worth billions.
China has always been an important player in the hydroelectric market and recent events have only made its presence stronger; once again, the country is largely investing abroad and engaging in several projects, especially in Asia, Africa and Latin America.
Not to mention that China is the country with the highest sale of electric cars, as well as a strong competitor in the EV and battery market, with some of its company’s being direct competitors of Tesla.
With all the positive progress China has made so far, the nation’s renewable energy future is looking bright.
Not only are they serving their ecological footstep in the most positive way, but they are also climbing ahead of the industrial competition.
In fact, China is already the world’s biggest manufacturer and exporter of renewable energy technology thanks to its production of ⅔ of the solar panels in the world, and about half of the wind turbines too.
Furthermore, technology and research also play a big part in China’s leading role: in fact, manufacturers are constantly investing in new technology.
For example, one of the leading companies in the wind-turbine sector has recently developed turbines that operate at low speed and are suitable for being installed in proximity to urban centers.
China’s Decision to Go Green
Aside from economical growth and market expansion, China’s decision to go green will have enormous benefits on the environment and the quality of life.
It is no secret that air quality and pollution is a serious problem in China.
Not only does it affect the environment but it is has also caused a series of social problems, such as the health of residents.
In fact, the mortality rate in China for respiratory disease is still very high.
The matter is quite serious: short-term effects of air pollution are concerning but long-term consequences are the most worrying.
According the World Health Organization, in 2012 more than a million people lost their lives in China from air pollution-related health effects – the highest number of any country worldwide.
By reducing the use of coal and keeping emissions under control, China will assure residents a higher life expectancy and the number of people affected by smog-induced respiratory problems should sensibly decrease.
China Clean Energy
The Chinese government’s stance on clean energy and a greener lifestyle is leading to many changes across China, as well as inspiring new avant-garde projects.
One of the most interesting ones is green architecture, more specifically the implementation of “forest cities”.
The famous Italian architect – Stefano Boeri – has designed for the city of Nanjing a Vertical Forest.
Based on the model of the one implemented in Milan, the project entails the construction of two towers completely covered in greenery: about 2500 cascading shrubs and 23 species of trees.
The buildings, that will be destined mainly to offices, hotels and even schools, are to be completed by next year.
The project’s objective is to provide the city with a hands-on solution for cleaning the air: using plants and their natural capacity of absorbing carbon dioxide and producing oxygen, it is possible to reduce CO2 levels and produce clean fresh air.
It is clear that what is probably one of the most promising businesses of the future – renewable energy – is also an urgent matter for general human well being.
Thanks to China’s commitment, there is hope that in the near future the environment will become a safer and healthier place to live in.